Environmental and Social Impact Assessments
In compliance with the international benchmark performance requirements of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), thorough Environmental and Social Impact Assessments (ESIAs) have been undertaken in each country through which the pipeline will pass – Greece, Albania, and Italy.
The ESIAs map all possible environmental, cultural and socio-economic impacts of the pipeline and include measures to avoid and mitigate them during and after construction and during operations.
The ESIAs also require transparent and open dialogue with all stakeholders in the project.
The comprehensive stakeholder engagement process will continue through to the completion of construction and to a lesser extent during operations, when the project’s impact will be minimal. Read more.
Full ESIAs were submitted in Italy (March 2012, updated and resubmitted in September 2013, additional documentation integrated April 2014), Albania (January 2013, approved in April), and Greece (June 2013).
Read more about the ESIA process in all host countries here:
Natural gas, cleanest fossil fuel
The pipeline will take billions of cubic metres of natural gas, the cleanest fossil fuel, to European markets. As EU nations seek to balance their growing energy demand with a shared commitment to the environment, gas will continue to play an important role in Europe’s energy mix for the foreseeable future.
Avoid, minimise, mitigate
As a part of its Corporate Social Responsibility policy, TAP is committed to avoiding, minimising and mitigating any negative effects on the environment.
TAP’s route has been selected carefully to avoid environmentally sensitive areas wherever possible. To reduce its footprint, facilities will be located and operated in such a way that any physical and ecological impacts are reduced.
The construction and operation of TAP will minimise energy consumption, emissions to air, discharges of liquid effluents and the generation of waste. No waste will be left behind.
After the pipeline construction has been completed, TAP will restore the land to its original condition. Top soil will be replaced, all temporary crossings and infrastructure removed, and all original facilities and vegetation reinstated.
Land owners and land users will be compensated for any effects on their land.