TAP needed access to the construction corridor which is approximately 38 metres wide in Greece and Albania, and approximately 18 metres wide in Italy.
The Land Easement and Acquisition (LEA) process required TAP to identify the legal land owners of parcels affected by the project through the national cadasters. However, no cadaster data existed for most of the areas crossed by the pipeline in Greece, so TAP followed the formal processes of the Greek cadaster to identify all affected land owners within a 100-metre wide corridor. In Albania, TAP updated all national cadastral data within a 300-metre corridor along TAP’s route.
If a land plot lied within this corridor or on the territory identified for TAP’s permanent and temporary above ground installations (compressor stations, block valve stations, construction camps, pipe yards etc.), it would most likely be affected by the project and thus should be registered during TAP’s update of the TAP cadastre in Greece and Albania.
As one of the first steps in the LEA process, TAP’s contractors updated existing information on the ownership and use of all land parcels affected by the project. This process established detailed and comprehensive cadastral maps and tables, based on surveys and the examination of existing cadastral registers.
In all host countries, the update of the cadastre process has been completed prior to TAP securing land rights required for the construction and operation of the pipeline.
To find out more about the cadastre works that took place in each country, please visit one of the sub-pages below.
Who will be affected by TAP’s land easement and acquisition process in Greece?
TAP’s update of the cadastre in Greece (land register) as well as the LEA process aimed to answer the following questions:
- Which land parcels are affected by TAP?
- Where are they located?
- Who owns and uses this land?
- Are there any above ground installations or any attachments on parcels affected by TAP?
The update of the cadastre data related to all land parcels affected by TAP’s route through Greece has been undertaken by JV TOPMAPS, a joint venture consisting of the Greek consulting companies MAKEDONIKI ETM EE, GAIA S.A. and GEOMATICS SA, working in close collaboration with the relevant public agencies.
During the TAP cadastre update process, land owners and users along the pipeline route in Greece were invited to visit one of the Cadastral Survey Offices (CSOs) and Information Spots (ISs) to find out if their property is affected by the pipeline and to check whether TAP has the latest information about land ownership status and use.
During the process, a total of 23 Cadastral Survey Offices and 137 Information Spots in 30 municipalities had been established along the TAP route in Greece as well as in the cities of Thessaloniki and Athens, resulting in a total of 25 CSOs.
Affected owners and users have been advised by CSO personnel in filling out property declaration forms and submitting their legal documents, in order to receive TAP compensation, to the extent they are entitled to following legal checks. Simultaneously, specialists in Information Spots – one in every affected local community – provided information about the project and the update of the cadastre in Greece.
Prior to opening CSOs and ISs along the pipeline route, TAP and its contractor organised a series of open meetings in every affected municipality. These meetings were coordinated with local authorities.
Before gaining access to land, TAP also carried out a Census and Asset Inventory (CAI) in the same CSOs or in the homes of affected landowners and users, if they were unable to visit a CSO. Using a special questionnaire, TAP conducted interviews with owners and users along the pipeline route, logging information about crops, trees and other assets (i.e., irrigation structures) on every affected parcel. This process defined the amount of compensation for the affected parcel and is followed by the necessary legal checks.
TAP compensation values were aligned with Greek law as well as international requirements (EBRD Performance Requirements 5). The CAI process also served as a basis for establishing the livelihood status of affected landowners and users. This will allow TAP to ensure that the livelihoods of all affected landowners and users have been restored and, where possible, improved, though our Livelihood Assistance and Transitional Support (LATS) programme.
Currently, there are five LEA Offices along the TAP route, where specialists provide information on any land and compensation-related issues.
If your land is affected by the TAP project, or you have an enquiry regarding compensation, please visit your closest TAP Office.