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TAP at a glance

The Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) will transport Caspian natural gas to Europe.

Connecting with the Trans Anatolian Pipeline (TANAP) at the Greek-Turkish border, TAP will cross Northern Greece, Albania and the Adriatic Sea before coming ashore in Southern Italy to connect to the Italian natural gas network.

The project is currently in its construction phase, which started in 2016.

Once built, TAP will offer a direct and cost-effective transportation route opening up the vital Southern Gas Corridor, a 3500-kilometre long gas value chain stretching from the Caspian Sea to Europe.

World class expertise and high standards

TAP's shareholders, major energy companies SOCAR, Snam, BP, Fluxys, Enagás and Axpo, are experienced in delivering complex international projects.

These companies take environmental protection, corporate social responsibility and safety very seriously, implementing best industry practice. In addition, TAP complies voluntarily with the standards of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and other international financing institutions.

The pipeline's design has been developed in accordance with recognised national and international safety standards.

All of this expertise equips TAP to deliver the project on time and to specification.

Furthermore, the project is not dependent on public subsidies and will bring benefits to its host countries. Read more: Opportunities for host countries.

Pipeline routing

TAP chose the pipeline's route with great care to ensure the best commercial and technical possibilities and cause minimum environmental and social impact.

878 kilometres in length, TAP's highest elevation will be 2,100 metres in the mountains of Albania while its lowest depth offshore will be 820 metres beneath the Adriatic Sea. Read more: The pipeline route.

Expandable pipeline capacity

Anticipating future needs, TAP's developers integrated flexibility into the pipeline design to accommodate future gas volumes. TAP's initial capacity of 10 billion cubic metres (bcm) of gas per year is equivalent to the energy consumption of approximately seven million households in Europe. In future, the addition of two extra compressor stations could double throughput to more than 20 bcm as additional energy supplies come on stream in the wider Caspian region.

The pipeline will also have the so-called 'physical reverse flow' feature, allowing gas from Italy to be diverted to South East Europe if energy supplies are disrupted or more pipeline capacity is required to bring additional gas into the region.

Careful construction

Onshore, the pipeline will be built using tried and trusted techniques, taking care to minimise any adverse effect on the environment during construction. Read more: Construction of TAP.

Offshore, TAP will take the shortest  possible distance in crossing the Adriatic Sea, adhering to environmental protection requirements and respecting the nature of the local seabed.

Interconnections with other pipelines

Along its route, TAP can facilitate connections to a number of existing and proposed pipelines, ensuring that the Southern Gas Corridor opens up to many different energy markets. This will enable the delivery of Caspian gas to destinations throughout South Eastern, Central and Western Europe.