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Pipeline construction in Italy

Approaching the coast of Italy on its way through the 25-kilometre Italian section of the Adriatic Sea, the pipeline will pass through a specially constructed 1.5 km micro-tunnel, entering it at a depth of 25 metres.

This will ensure that the pipeline does not affect the local Posidonia seagrass and the Mediterranean Maquis onshore. The pipeline will not be visible from the coast and will be invisible for its entire route.

Disclaimer: TAP pipeline fly-over animation used in this film is only a symbolic illustration of the proposed pipeline route and its associated infrastructure. The actual pipeline routing is not yet final and will be further refined following the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) disclosure.

Onshore pipeline dimensions in Italy

The total length of the onshore pipeline in Italy will be approximately 8 km. There will be a landfall station in the vicinity of the landfall and a Pipeline Receiving Terminal (PRT) in the municipality of Melendugno, 8.2 km away from the coast and protected areas.

The PRT will be the supervisory and control centre of TAP. With an estimated staff of 32, it will occupy a 12-hectare plot of land and has been designed to integrate with the surrounding landscape with limited visual impact. Following consultations with local stakeholders, the PRT was reduced in size by 40%.

Using electrical heaters to warm the gas and facilitate its flow, the PRT will emit zero emissions during normal operations unless there are interruptions or sudden pressure variations in the Snam Rete Gas network.

At most, the PRT will be producing emissions for less than 2% of its annual operating time.

The tie-in point with the Snam Rete Gas system will be at the fence of the TAP facility.

Please note that all figures mentioned in the text are estimates and can change as the project develops.