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TAP's construction process started in May 2016 and will last approximately three years. The construction of the pipeline, and its related facilities, will take place in stages / phases and will be influenced by weather conditions and in some cases, seasonal restrictions. Once built, the onshore pipeline itself will be buried at least one metre beneath the ground and therefore not visible for the entire route.
TAP will traverse the bottom of the Adriatic Sea at the shortest crossing - between Fier in Albania and Italy’s southern Puglia region, a distance of just 105 km. The deepest point of the pipeline below sea level will be 810 metres in the strait of Ontranto in the Adriatic Sea.
Once the pipeline construction is completed, the Right of Way (RoW) will be reinstated to at least its original condition. Where required, erosion control mechanisms are constructed and additional topsoil is spread to encourage soil retention and vegetation growth.
After construction, the pipeline will be buried at least one metre under the ground and will therefore be invisible. The above-ground facilities will include two compressor stations, the metering station near Bilisht in Albania, block valve stations and the pipeline receiving terminal in Italy. Two compressor stations, one near Kipoi, in Greece, and the other on the Albanian coast near Fier, will be used to ensure gas transportation through the pipeline.
A project of this scale and magnitude crossing some of the oldest and therefore historically and culturally rich countries in the world had the potential to uncover a wide range of unknown archaeological artefacts and sites. As such, TAP is fully committed to respecting and protecting the tradition and cultural heritage of its three host countries.
TAP’s commitment to the environment is at the very heart of our pioneering project. TAP is committed to avoiding, minimising and mitigating any negative effects on the environment. TAP’s route has been selected carefully to avoid environmentally sensitive areas wherever possible.
On 17 May 2016, in Thessaloniki, Greece, TAP held its construction inauguration ceremony. The high-level event was organised under the auspices of Alexis Tsipras, Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic, and was attended by dignitaries from over 10 countries and the EU. Shareholders from BP, SOCAR, Snam, Fluxys, Enagás and Axpo and over 300 guests participated.
The process of shipping, storing and transporting thousands of tonnes of steel line pipe and bends needed for the construction of a major gas infrastructure project needs careful orchestration. Here's a behind-the-scene glimpse of TAP's complex - yet fascinating - logistics process.
TAP will cross Albania’s mountainous area with the pipeline’s highest elevation point at 2,100m. Heavy machinery and equipment, such as 18-metre pipes weighing several tonnes, need to gain safe access to these remote areas. In the summer of 2015 TAP started building and reinforcing several roads and bridges along its route. This infrastructure will benefit local communities for decades to come.
TAP corporate images used in marketing and communications materials: posters, leaflets, banners, website, etc.