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Strategic partnerships

The challenge of building a pipeline across a continent requires substantial resources, outstanding technical expertise, the highest environmental and safety standards, sound financing and, above all, strong partnerships.

During the past few years, TAP has successfully established several strategic partnerships with various governments and companies.

European Union

At the geo-political level, TAP’s strategic partnership with the European Union has been evidenced by the strong support of EU bodies such as the Commission and Parliament. TAP has been designated as a Project of  Common Interest (PCI) and Europe’s Energy Community has named it a Project of Energy Community Interest (PECI). Read more at The EU status.

Host country governments

At the national government level, the three countries through which the pipeline passes – Greece, Albania and Italy – confirmed their joint commitment to TAP with the signing of a trilateral Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) in 2013. The IGA has since been ratified by each country’s parliament.

Individual Host Government Agreements (HGAs) have also been signed with the governments of Albania and Greece. These agreements set out the framework by which TAP will be realised and operated in each country.

In Albania, where it has been designated a ‘project of national importance’ TAP is also supporting the government in developing a domestic gas market plan.

Ionian Adriatic Pipeline

In South East Europe, one of the regions that will benefit most from opening the Southern Gas Corridor, TAP has entered into multiple Memoranda of Understanding and Cooperation (MoUC) with the developers of the proposed Ionian Adriatic Pipeline (IAP).

The Croatian gas system operator Plinacro, Bosnian-Herzegovinian gas company BH-Gas, Slovenian Geoplin Plinovodi and the energy ministries of Albania and Montenegro are working with TAP on the interconnection and alignment of the two projects. IAP aims to take Caspian gas into the ungasified markets of Albania, Montenegro, Southern Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Further support for the TAP-IAP connection came in May 2013 when the governments of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Montenegro signed an MoU in support of both pipelines, as well as a declaration of support by the Adriatic Ionian Initiative Council.

Additionally, in June 2013 the foreign ministers of six countries – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy and Montenegro – met in Dubrovnik, Croatia, to once again confirm high level political support for TAP.

Interconnector Greece Bulgaria

In Bulgaria, the developers of the planned Interconnector Greece-Bulgaria (IGB) signed a technical MoUC with TAP in January 2014. The IGB could enable Caspian gas to flow into the Bulgarian gas network and further into South East Europe. 


In Greece, TAP cooperates with the natural gas transmission system operator DESFA. 

Trans Anatolian Pipeline

In Turkey, following the signing of an MoUC in November 2012, TAP continues to cooperate closely on technical and commercial matters with the Trans Anatolian Gas Pipeline (TANAP), which will connect with TAP on the border with Greece.

Snam Rete Gas

In Italy, TAP holds regular meetings with Snam Rete Gas (SRG), the Italian gas transmission system operator, on technical and commercial issues.  Planned expansion of the system will ensure that Shah Deniz gas can be transported further into Central and Western Europe.